Franklin’s armonica inspired several other instruments, including two created by Chladni. Making Sound Waves Visible: If you decide to do the demonstration, make sure that some students have a chance to bow the plate to see how the salt moves. Next, students should use their Exploring Sound Waves student esheet to go to and watch the Introduction to Acoustics Instruments video. Chladni’s uncle, Justus Georg Chladni — , was a law professor at the university.

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That same year, his father died and he turned to physics in earnest. His research on different kinds of vibrations served as the basis for the scientific understanding of sound that later emerged in the 19th century.

Making Sound Waves Visible: Exploring Chladni Plates

Ernst Chladni, an 18th century German scientist and musician, was a pioneer in the field of acoustics, the science of sound. Archived from the original on The following instructions are for the student groups.

When introducing the topic, try to ask questions that will help you determine if your students have these misconceptions. Students can then share them with the rest of the class. The sand concentrated in areas where the plate was not vibrating.

One of Chladni’s best-known achievements was inventing a technique to show the various modes of vibration on a rigid surface. Since at leasta musical instrument called a Glasspiel or verrilloncreated by filling beer glasses with varying amounts of water, was popular in Europe. Give students time in class to peruse the site and pick out videos that they like.


Ernst Chladni

An Early History of the Telephone Chladni patterns are still of scientific interest, although their analytical uses have been mostly replaced by other technologies. Working in small groups of five, students will re-create this experiment or participate in a teacher demonstration.

Acoustics site from the National Museum of American History has many other examples of instruments from long ago that illustrate scientific principles.

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Home – Elementary Science. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Watch the Chladni plate video.

Chladni studied law and philosophy in Wittenberg and Leipzig, obtaining a law degree from the University of Leipzig in When Chladni showed the technique in Paris, Napoleon set a prize for the best mathematical explanation. While the Chladni plate can be set into vibration manually using a violin bow for instance we highly recommend mechanically driving it at various frequencies. Retrieved 1 April Bowing harder and faster on the same place produces a much higher tone and creates a more detailed chladnni that has more nodes and smaller open spaces.


During the lesson, students will duplicate Chladni’s experiment or watch and participate chladnk a teacher demonstration. And the Chladni plates operate best with one that provides a wide range of frequencies.

Architectural acoustics Monochord Reverberation Soundproofing String vibration string resonance. For the lunar crater, see Chladni crater.

Making Sound Waves Visible: Exploring Chladni Plates – Science NetLinks

Vhladni variable-frequency, variable-amplitude mechanical vibrations for the lab. Give each group a metal plate attached to a screw, a clamp, and a violin or cello bow. Make sure the groups clean up after they finish the experiment and complete the What Patterns Do You See? In a famous experiment, he showed how moving a violin bow against a metal plate covered with sand could visually display the movement of sound.

Next, students will either conduct Chladni’s experiment or watch a demonstration. Franklin’s armonica inspired several other instruments, including two created by Chladni.